2013年6月20日 星期四

Patient friendly service or danger up ahead?

Doctors sometimes provide patients with drug samples to get them started on a needed medication in a timely manner. Hospital emergency departments (EDs) have also sent patients home with starter doses or unit dose packages from the hospital pharmacy. This allows the patient to start taking the medicine as soon as possible, giving them extra time to get the prescription filled at their local pharmacy. Dispensing samples and starter doses are often seen as patient friendly services, but the services can also have unintended consequences. One issue is that packaging and labeling of the medications can sometimes present problems for patients.

One patient experienced severe burning in her eyes and blurred vision when she instilled what she thought was eye drops. A co-worker took the bottle from her and saw the very small notation on the label: For dermatological (skin) use only. Not for use in the eye. The tiny sample bottle, which had no pharmacy label since it wasnt dispensed by a pharmacist,Large collection of quality cleanersydney at discounted prices. was a professional sample of a cortisone-like medication meant to be applied to the skin. The product also contained 40% isopropyl alcohol (rubbing alcohol), which severely irritated her eyes. It had been given to her by her allergist for application after allergy shots. But she inadvertently combined it with the eye drops she keeps at work and grabbed the wrong bottle. The patient saw her eye doctor and the eye was flushed, but the patient suffered blurred vision for several hours.

Another issue is the ambiguous way that drug companies sometimes label these products. Its not always patient-friendly. When the popular pain medication Celebrex was first marketed, the manufacturer, Pfizer, gave doctors samples to hand out to patients. Each package contained 3 capsules labeled Celebrex 200 mg. A rheumatologist gave one of these to a patient along with a prescription for 200 mg twice daily. When the patient got home and looked at the label she didnt know whether she should take all three capsules for the 200 mg dose, or just one.Best home plasticcard at discount prices. She called the doctor's office and clarified that each capsule was 200 mg and she should take just one at a time.

Many patients might not have called to clarify the confusing Celebrex label or other drug sample packages just like it. In fact, we checked with Pfizer when the patient called us about this and a drug information professional admitted that theyd received reports of overdoses where 600 mg was taken. The FDA recently clarified that the product strength should always describe the milligram amount of drug per single unit (e.g., tablet, capsule) so there is no confusion as to how much product is contained in a single unit as compared to the total contents of the entire blister card.

Finally, the Consumer Product Safety Commission does not require sample medications to be in child-resistant containers. Manufacturers can also request exemptions for providing child-resistant packaging for medications used only in hospitals but these may sometimes be dispensed to patients by the ER. Thus, danger may be ahead if the medications are sent home and improperly stored, leaving them accessible to children. While many ERs dispense starter doses in properly labeled, child-resistant prescription containers, Ive often seen starter doses dispensed by hospitals in plastic bags or envelopes.We rounded up 30 bridesmaids dresses in every color and style that are both easy on the eye and somewhat easy on the earcap. Patients arriving home after a visit to the ER may not be thinking about the need to place that plastic bag or envelope up and away, and out of the reach and sight of children. Instead, these medications may be temporarily placed on a kitchen table or counter.

There are other safety issues associated with dispensing drug samples and starter dosesfor example, absent labeling of the product with directions for use, lack of screening for drug interactions,He saw the bracelet at a cleaningservicesydney store while we were on a trip. and failure to monitor expiration dates. While many organizations have appropriately addressed these and other issues, they may not have considered the need to assure that sample or starter doses are properly labeled and packaged. With the increased availability of 24-hour community pharmacies and drug company-provided pharmacy coupons for starter doses, these services may not be necessary.

The Boise Co-op has appeared on local "Best Of" lists so often that most people don't have to be reminded of its offerings - artisan beer, exotic spices, elixirs of all kinds, eggs and vegetables produced at farms a bike ride away from its Fort Street home. The story of the co-op's modest origins is less familiar.

A few dozen locals founded the co-op in 1973 as a food-buying club. The philosophy was getting good, bulk food and selling it to members at a discount. The co-op's first home was a back room at the El-Ada community outreach center.

In 1975, the co-op moved to a storefront in Hyde Park, the former home of the Salvation Army. In this era, members had to put in hours at the store to get their member discounts, said Dave Kirkpatrick, a longtime employee. A space on Hill Road, not far from Harrison Boulevard, was the co-op's next stop in 1984.

He credits then leader Ken Kavanagh with the co-op's shift in philosophy. This was an era when "organic" wasn't yet a buzzword, when "foodie" wasn't yet a movement, when gluten was not public enemy No. 1 and the idea of televised cooking competitions would have seemed like something from "Monty Python." But the co-op was in the right place at the right time, anticipating the community's embrace of food as an art form. The co-op began seeking out products like Italian canned tomatoes and high-end olive oil. Indian spices. Beer and wine. And meat.

The change meant that the co-op lost some members who wanted an all-vegetarian store. Others objected to the co-op selling wine and beer. But the change attracted new members, too.

"Todd Giesler (another longtime employee) got it right," said Kirkpatrick. "We had tie-dye and VW vans in the morning, Versace and Lexuses in the afternoon."

When my son Stephen woke up he was so excited to give his dad, Andrew, his presents and cards. Tom, who has autism, was more excited about wearing Andrews new Mr Men socks and chocolate medallion.

The boys gave Andrew chocolates, as well as a book by fantastic author and Twitter friend Mark Richards, or as he is better known by Stephen, Best Dad I Can Be.

Tom had made Andrew a card at school while Stephen made one at home. As usual though, when I tried to display the cards on the fireplace Tom insisted that they stay on the couch for him to look at. We had a quiet day; Andrew took Stephen to church while I whisked Tom to town for coffee juice and the boat museum.

For lunch we had a picnic and had a general dozy time. I think I had tired Tom out in the morning so the afternoon was a peaceful affair.

We did have a few moments though where he wanted to throw the newly-purchased plastic golf clubs and bash them on the floor C and in the snail house while being a ninja C but other than that a relatively cosy affair with us all just relaxing together,He saw the bracelet at a cleaningservicesydney store while we were on a trip. and the sun even came out to shine.

Dads should be celebrated for all that they do, and those dads who have children with additional needs should have extra celebrations.

It is not easy being a mum to a child with autism so it cant be any different for a dad. Andrew works full-time, yes, so he is out of the house more and I do more of the caring but if he didnt work, we wouldnt have a roof over our heads.

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