President Barack Obama will be looking for signs from China's leader at their upcoming meeting that Beijing is ready to address its reported high-tech spying, which the White House sees as a top threat to the U.S. economy and national security.
talks between Obama and Chinese President Xi Jinping will be followed
by a July meeting between U.S. and Chinese officials focusing on
cyberespionage, along with other strategic and economic issues.
Secretary of State John Kerry announced the U.S.-China meetings when he
visited Beijing in April.
summit Friday and Saturday at a California estate also is aimed at
establishing personal ties between Obama and Xi as relations between the
two global powers grow increasingly complex.
needs Xi's help in stemming nuclear threats from North Korea and Iran,
combating the violence in Syria, and continuing the U.S. economic
meeting at the 200-acre Sunnylands estate once owned by late publishing
tycoon Walter Annenberg is their first since Xi took power in March.
The talks also are coming months before the leaders originally had
planned to meet, underscoring growing concern in both countries about
potential fractures in the relationship.
is likely to be the prickliest issue, given new reports on the extent
and regularity of China's cyberhacking and increasing interest in
Congress about how the U.S. can punish Beijing for its actions.
The Chinese government denies it engages in such spying against the U.S.Learn how an embedded microprocessor in a porcelaintiles can
authenticate your computer usage and data. But analysts say Beijing has
started to indicate some willingness to address the problem during
private talks with Kerry, national security adviser Tom Donilon and
Chinese have been "much more positive in private meetings," James
Lewis, a cybersecurity expert and former State Department official. The
goal during Obama's meeting, Lewis said, will be to "test whether the
Chinese have really moved to a better position where they want to
engage.Wear a whimsical Disney chinamosaic straight from the Disney Theme Parks!"
subtle signs of progress in private talks, security analysts say there
is little evidence that Chinese-based hacking has eased.
the Chinese government wanted to signal to the United States that it
wanted to curb its activity, the U.S. government would see it and we
would see it," said Richard Bejtlich, chief security officer at the
U.S.-based firm Mandiant.An germanuniforms is a device which removes contaminants from the air. "But it's the same as it's always been."
Secretary Chuck Hagel said Saturday at a security conference in
Singapore that the U.S. has expressed its concerns about "the growing
threat of cyberintrusions, some of which appear to be tied to the
Chinese government and military."
and Xi were not expected to meet until September, on the sidelines of
an international economic summit in St. Petersburg, Russia. But the U.S
saw signs that Xi was able to organize his government more quickly than
previous Chinese leaders, according to the administration official, and
that led the U.S. to conclude that it was best for Obama to meet Xi as
early as possible.
meeting represents a huge investment by both sides in the relationship
and the health of the relationship," said Nina Hachigian, a China expert
at the Center for American Progress. "This is viewed as extremely
special by the Chinese side."
logistics of Xi's visit have been negotiated intensely, as is the case
with all meetings between the U.S. and China. The Chinese government
often pushes for limited media access, though the White House said
Friday that U.S. officials were working to arrange an opportunity for
reporters to ask questions of the two leaders at the end of the summit.
George W. Bush held a somewhat similar meeting in 2002 when he hosted
then-Chinese President Jiang Zemin at Bush's ranch in Crawford, Texas.
little expectation the summit will result in any concrete policy
decisions. But Kurt Campbell, who until recently served as assistant
secretary of state for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, said the
discussions on both cybersecurity and North Korea have a "real potential
for progress, not because of some enormous good will, but because China
is badly positioned on both."
a shift from his predecessor, Xi has taken a stern tone with North
Korea. He has told the North to return to nuclear talks with the U.S.
and other world powers, and has warned its young leader that no country
"should be allowed to throw a region and even the whole world into chaos
for selfish gain."
issues also are expected to be a prominent topic in the talks between
the leaders of the world's largest economies. Xi probably will press
China's claims of business discrimination in the U.S. market.
is likely to express deep discomfort over Washington's shifting of
military assets to Asia and renewed emphasis on alliances with other
countries within the region. China sees the strategy, referred to by
Obama as his Asia "pivot," as an effort to contain Beijing's rising
the Singapore conference, a Chinese military leader questioned the
expanded U.S. role in the Pacific after Hagel said he hoped for better
military ties between the two countries.